If you are just starting out on your comedy journey, then you may be trying to find ways to target the people that will enjoy your comedy. This is why I am here. I will try my best to help you. I am using demographic and niche kind of interchangeably, please don’t get too butt hurt.
Here is the thing you have to learn first of all. When you are just starting out. You will usually have no clue the demographic that will enjoy your material. This is completely normal. Don’t sweat this too much. The more you write and the more you perform, the more you will get a grasp on who in the audience is enjoying your material. Another thing to take into account is that everyone, and I mean EVERYONE falls into some sort of niche or category and sometimes you will be able to operate in multiple niches. Even someone like Kevin Hart, arguably the hottest comedian on earth right now, falls into a niche. His niche seems to be very large, but it is still a niche.
Some people have an idea of where their material is taken them. There is a comedian I know that has a large chunk of “drug material”, when he is getting booked for shows, he is usually getting booked on shows where drug use is the theme or in places that are a little more “loose”. This is not his only niche however, because he is a talented comedian, he can do other stuff. This is important when you do not have a large fan base because it allows you the ability to work more often. If he could only tell jokes about drug use, then he would be extremely limited, especially in an area of the country that is a little more conservative, and frowns upon that sort of stuff.
Some comedians don’t have no clue who will like their comedy so they bounce around until the hole in the market opens allowing them to fill it. This is what happened to me about six years ago, when there were a lot of corporate comedy going on and they wanted comedians that could perform relatively clean. It was something I didn’t want to do because I enjoy cursing and doing what I want on stage. The thing that got me doing it was because of all the benefits of doing these sorts of shows. You usually did one show and they feed you and paid for travel expenses and the pay was really good. I figured since all I had to do was not curse that much, I could do it since there weren’t that many comedians in the area that could. It helped me earn a good deal of money and because the market is still in need of that type of comedian in Eastern Washington I can get a lot of work.
I would not say this is the only niche I can fill though. People want to put me on shows because I am black, or because I am a veteran. Sometimes you have to use your life experiences to your advantage. I know of former teachers turned comedians that are now performing at corporate events for teachers. Former drug addicts that go around and perform for others to put a lighter spin on a serious issue. There are many niches in the market that can be filled if you know that it exist and that you can target it appropriately.
How do you find these niches in the market. Well, if you are a comedian then go to Facebook and find a area page for comedians. Every area has one. Join it, and see what bookers and comedians are looking for. If you fill that need then go after it and network seeing if it is a market that you can use further down the line. Another way is going to a site like GigMaster or GigSalad and signing up (you can sign up for free, but they usually want your money), you can then observe the types of shows people are putting, and then you can hopefully go on to fill. I do a lot of private shows during the fall and winter and it is because of sites like these that I know about them.
If there is one more piece of advice I can give you it is this: Don’t pin yourself into one corner! Just because you like video games, doesn’t mean that everyone on the planet will want to listen to that. Write what you like, but keep yourself open until you gain a following and can afford to do what you want.